Sunday, 9 September 2012

Medicinal Plants and Biennale 2013

Salvia africana lutea
For our course work, in addition to basic plant information we have to research the various uses of plants, including their medicinal uses.  I've found the following references very helpful sources of information:

Trees of Southern Africa Palgrave
Making the Most of Indigenous Trees Venter (ok, we focus quite heavily on trees!)
Creative Gardening with Indigenous Plants Jaffa
plantzafrica.com - the information includes photos, a wide range of plants and further references.
Muthi and Myths Van Wyk and Dugmore
Zulu Botanical Knowledge: An Introduction Ngwenya et al.    

Back in 2010 when the theme for the Biennale was announced, Phakamani Xaba, of Kirstenbosch Gardens, very kindly collated the following lists for BAASA members, so I am republishing them as an additional references.  I am sure there are many more useful sources such as the Veld and Flora magazine.

Enjoy your painting.
Best wishes,
Jennifer


REFERENCES
Fox, F.W. & Norwood Young, M.E. 1982. Foodfrom the Veld: Edible Wild Plants
of Southern Africa. Delta Books, Johannesburg & Cape Town.
Hutchings, A, Scott, A.H., Lewis, G. & Cunningham, A.B. 1996. Zulu MedicinaJ
Plants: An Inventory. University of Natal Press. Pietermaritzburg.

Van Wyk, B-E. & Gericke, N. 2000. People's Plants - A Guide to Useful Plants of
Southern Africa. Briza Publications, Pretoria.

Van Wyk, B-E, Van Oudtshoom, B. & Gericke N. 1997. Medicinal Plants Of South
Africa. Briza Publications, Pretoria.

Pooley, E. 1993. The Complete Field Guide to Trees of Natal, Zululand & Transkei.
Natal Flora Publications Trust, Durban.

Pooley, E. 1998. A Field Guide to Wild Flowers KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Region.
Natal Flora Publications Trust, Durban.

Scott-Shaw, R. 1999. Rare and Threatened
Neighbouring Regions. KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg.

Quin, PJ. 1959. Food and Feeding Habits of the Pedi. Witwatersrand University
Press, Johannesburg.

Watt, J.M. & Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of
Southern and Eastern Africa. (second edition), Livingstone, London.

Watt, J.M. & Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. (second edition), Livingstone, London.

Schewegler, M. 2003. Medicinal and other uses of southern Overberg fynbos Plants. Matthia Schewegler publications, Durban.

Fox, F.W. & Norwood Young, M.E. 1982. Food from the Veld: Edible Wild Plants
of Southern Africa. Delta Books, Johannesburg & Cape Town.

Hutchings, A, Scott, A.H., Lewis, G. & Cunningham, A.B. 1996. Zulu Medicinal
Plants: An Inventory. University of Natal Press. Pietermaritzburg.

Van Wyk, B-E. & Gericke, N. 2000. People's Plants - A Guide to Useful Plants of
Southern Africa. Briza Publications, Pretoria.

Van Wyk, B-E, Van Oudtshoom, B. & Gericke N. 1997. Medicinal Plants Of South
Africa. Briza Publications, Pretoria.

Pooley, E. 1993. The Complete Field Guide to Trees of Natal, Zululand & Transkei.
Natal Flora Publications Trust, Durban.

Pooley, E. 1998.  A Field Guide to Wild Flowers KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Region.
Natal Flora Publications Trust, Durban.

Roberts, M. 1990. Indigenous Healing Plants. Southern Book Publishers, Halfway House, Johannesburg.

Arnold, T.H. Prentice, C.A. Hawker, L. C. Snyman, E.E. Tomalin, M. Crouch, N.R. and Pottas-Bircher, C. 2002. Medicinal and magical plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. National Botanical Institute, Strelitzia 13, Pretoria.

Goldblatt, P. Manning J.2002. Cape Plants. “ A conspectus of the cape flora of South Africa”. MBG Press, Missouri Botanical Garden & National Botanical Institute, Strelitzia 9, Pretoria

Dold, A and Cocks, M. 2012 Voices from the Forest. Jacana Media, Johannesburg


In addition, we quote the following extract from:
Scott-Shaw, R. 1999. Rare and Threatened Plants of KwaZulu-Natal and Neighbouring Regions. KwaZulu-Natal Nature Conservation Service, Pietermaritzburg.

A significant number of these plants are also in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants

THREATENED PLANTS IN TRADITIONAL USE
Species are used for medicinal purposes unless indicated otherwise. Parts harvested are indicated. Only species that are widely used have been selected. Most of the plants in greatest demand in the medicinal plant trade are in this list. In most cases a root is a rhizome. The following three references have been consulted: Bryant (1970); Cunningham (1988); Hutchings (1996).

This book deals with threatened plants at a global and regional (provincial) scale. However these spatial scales are inadequate to accurately account for threats at a smaller scale of, for example, a rural district of only several thousand square kilometres. At the smaller scale many more species than those listed below, are threatened. Local extinctions of such species are common. Examples of these are given at the end of the list.

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED
Encephalartos cerinus - stem
ENDANGERED
Diaphananthe millarii - whole plant
Encephalartos aemulans - stem
Encephalartos msinganus - stem
Siphonochilus aethiopicus - root
Warburgia salutaris - bark
VULNERABLE
Albizia suluensis - bark
Ansellia africana - whole plant
Begonia homonym a - stem
Bowiea volubilis - bulb
Brachystelma pulchellum - root
Craterostigma nanum - whole plant
Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi - stem
Encephalartos ghellinckii - stem
Encephalartos lebomboensis - stem
Encephalartos ngoyanus - stem
Encephalartos senticosus - stem
Eriosema populifolium - root
Eucomus autumnalis - bulb
Euphorbia bupleurifolia - whole plant
Euphorbia franksiae - whole plant
Euphorbia woodii - whole plant
Gasteria croucheri - whole plant
Haworthia limifolia - whole plant
Huernia hystrix - whole plant
Hydrostachys polymorpha
Monsonia natalensis - root
Ocotea bullata - bark
Orbea speciosa - whole plant Orbea woodii - whole plant
Raphia austral is - leaves (structural)
Scilla natalensis - bulb
DATA DEFICIENT
Aloe coo peri subsp. pulchra - whole plant
Polystachya zuluensis - whole plant
LOWER RISK (CONSERVATION DEPENDENT
Alberta magna - bark
Curtisia dentata - bark
Encephalartos ferox - stem
Encephalartos natalensis - stem
Mondia whitei - root
Myrothamnus flabellifolius - whole plant
Prunus africana - bark
Sandersonia aurantiaca - bulb
Stangeria eriopus - root

LOWER RISK
Acalypha angustata - root
Alepidea amatymbica - root
Aloe aristata - whole plant
Ceropegia woodii - root
Clivi a miniata - rhizome
Crinum moorei - bulb
Cryptocarya myrtifolia - bark
Cyathea dregei - leaves and stem
Oioscorea sylvatica - stem (caudex)
Faurea macnaughtonii - bark
Gasteria batesiana - whole plant
Hoffmanseggia saund ersonii - root
Peucedanum thodei - rhizome, leaves and stem
Synaptolepis kirkii - root
Vitellariopsis dispar - bark

LOCAL SCALE EXTINCTIONS
Acokanthera oppositifolia - root
Adenia gummifera - stem
Albuca fastigiata - bulb
Aloe linearifolia - whole plant
Bulbine latifolia - whole plant
Clivia nobilis - rhizome
Crocosmia paniculata - corm
Dioscorea dregeana - tuber
Orimia robusta - bulb
Eriospermum mackenii - tuber
Eulophia petersii - bulb
Gloriosa superba - bulb
Helichrysum odoratissimum - whole plant
Hypoxis hemerocallidea - tuber
Justicia capensis - whole plant
Knipofia spp. - rhizome
Knowltonia bracteata - whole plant
Mystacidium capense - whole plant
Ornithogalum longibracteatum - bulb
Peucedanum caffrum - root
Pimpinella caffra - root
Plectranthus grallatus - whole plant
Polystachya ottoniana - whole plant
Sarcophyte sanguinea - whole plant
Schizobasis intricata - bulb
Schlechterina mitrostemmatoides - root
Secamone gerrardii - root
Stapelia gigantea - whole plant
Tridactyle bicaudata - whole plant
Tulbaghia ludwigiana - bulb
Turbina oblongata - tuber
Urginea altissima - bulb
Urginea delagoensis - bulb

1 comment:

  1. Thanks for your great information, the contents are quiet interesting.I will be waiting for your next post.
    jobs in life Sciences

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